Do Your Part to Reduce Water Pollution

Water pollution is contamination of water with chemicals and toxic substances that are dumped into the water system without proper treatment. Now a days, water pollution is one of the serious problems in the world. Here are some tips to reduce water pollution.

  • Toxic products such as chemicals, oils, petroleum products should not be disposed in toilets and sinks. Dispose off properly. Instead of disposing properly it is advised to use non toxic products.

  • Do not flush medicines, tissue papers, diapers into toilet as it leads to sewage problem and also water gets polluted. Dispose them properly to reduce water pollution.

  • Use environment friendly products for home cleaning and other purposes. It will contribute a part in reducing water pollution.

  • Do not use more fertilizers and pesticides for plants. Try to reduce their use. It reaches the nearby water system and pollutes water. It is advised to practice composting and use organic manure instead of fertilizers and pesticides.

  • Smoke from the vehicles release some toxic pollutants such as nitrates, carbon monoxide which enters the water system and causes toxicity to human when drinking that polluted water. Don’t keep your vehicle’s engine running at signals and contribute your part to reduce water pollution.

  • Automobile oil should be used properly. Maintain your vehicle to ensure there is no leakage of fuel.

  • Stop deforestation to reduce water pollution. Plant tress near your home as it controls the reach of drains to near by lakes or water systems.

  • Use water when need. Do not keep your tap water running when not in use. Reduce water use for washing. This reduces the water shortage problem as well as it reduces the treatment for waste water.

  • Do not use water packets. It is advised to keep one water bottle with you where ever you go. It reduces pollution related to plastic and also saves your money.

  • Do not use colored detergents and bathing bars. It also contributes to water pollution. Use only phosphate free soaps to reduce water pollution.

  • Reduce soil erosion by using conservation practices or best management practices.

  • Avoid using plastic bags. Carry a bag with you when you go out. Plastic bags cannot degrade in soil and this leads to pollution of water.

  • Strict rules and regulations should be maintained by government to prevent the dumping of wastes in industries into water system.


Follow all the above said points and contribute your part in reducing water pollution.
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Don’ts While Traveling to a New Place

Traveling is fun. It is fun to travel to new places, discover new things, meet different people, adopt their culture for a while, taste new food, dare some challenges and live a life younger than your current age. The fun is unaccountable and unmeasurable. It gives you break from regular places and sights and adds vigor and color to your life. Let it be friends, family or relatives; traveling is so much fun and there is still a lot left to explore. Just some certain things to be kept in mind to ensure that the trip is memorable.

Don’ts while traveling

  • Mocking culture, tradition, people and their language. This can get you arrested as per country’s law and things can get very worse.

  • Make fun in particular of deities. This can attract unprecedented consequences and legal and local wrath on you. Least you want to experience on your trip.

  • Break any national rules. Almost each country is governed by some set of rules and every tourist is expected to follow them. Your actions and stay in a place brings you under the jurisdiction of the law of the land.

  • Get into scuffles. People may try to provoke you for some interest. But simply ignore them and continue with your trip. Getting into brawls can get you charged with infringement of law.

  • Get too close to a local. Some of the locals may try to befriend you and get close to you in order to cheat you later and get away with your belongings and valuables.

  • Eat at a filthy place. You should always eat at a hygienic place and drink good water. It will protect you from getting sick over the trip.

  • Visit dangerous places with family. There are some places in every countries which are not suitable for civilized people due to presence of anti-social elements. Such places should be kept off the list even if they are interesting.

  • Get casual with people and belonging. Your companions and belongings are your responsibility over the trip. Getting casual with these things may lead to you losing them.

  • Stay in unreputable places. Always stay in a good hotel, even if it is little expensive. You never know what kind of business happens in unreputable places.

  • Do not get over drunk during your travel. You will become easy victim to burglars and law of the land.

  • Always travel in groups and avoid secluded places during night. You might be overpowered and looted.

  • Pickpockets will haunt you like shadows till they steal something. You may lose your passport and all your money for worse.


Avoiding these little things can save you from big troubles.
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Mistakes Done While Renovating Home

Home renovation is the process of renovating or making additions to the existing home. Most people fail in renovating their home due to some common mistakes. Here are some common mistakes to be avoided while renovating your home.

Lack of proper plan
The common mistake everyone does while renovating their home is lack of proper planing. If you don’t have proper plan what you want to renovate in home, it leads to over budget. This can be solved by planing before you start remodeling your home.

Using cheap quality materials
One of the biggest mistake people do while renovating home is using cheap quality materials. These cheap quality materials deteriorates on time and again replacing leads to loss of money and time. Use high quality materials which can stand for many years.

Inaccurate measurements
Measurement is one of the core elements in remodeling your home. Proper measurements for pricing, cutting, managing material and other resources is important. Improper measurements leads to wastage of material and increases cost of project. To avoid this, it is better to take accurate measurements.

Lack of analyzing budget
Prepare budget plan for your project before starting it. Analyzing budget helps you to go in a proper way. If you don’t plan budget, the project may cross your budget with out reaching your objective.

Mismanaging contractor
Hiring mismanaged contractor is one of the mistakes in renovating your home. Select the one who expertise in the field of renovating homes. If you feel your contractor is not doing properly, speak up sooner to avoid failure of renovation as you are going to live with those results.

Ignoring lighting
Another mistake most home owners do while renovating their homes is ignore lighting. Improper ventilation and lighting makes the home dull. To avoid this, lighting should be provided in home which completely change the appearance and ambiance.

Spending too much money
Spending too much money for tools and labor costs diminishes the budget plan. Avoid buying unnecessary tools and plan within your budget to renovate your home.
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Hiring an Attorney to Handle a DUI or DWI Case

If you have been charged with driving under the influence (DUI) or driving while intoxicated (DWI), it is important to decide whether you need attorney or you can manage the process. Hiring an attorney is a great idea to handle such cases. Hiring an attorney will reduce your chances of penalty and punishment or prevents you from arrest.

Following points should remember while hiring an attorney

  • Look for an attorney who has experience in DUI and DWI cases
  • Hire local state attorney as he know all the laws regarding these cases
  • Ask your attorney for total cost for representation – It is necessary as in some cases, the reduced charge is less than the spending money on hiring an attorney
  • It is better to consult two or three attorney to take final decision


Hire an attorney to plea bargaining
If there is a possibility for plea bargaining, hiring an attorney will increase your benefits. If the tests shows the blood concentration level of around 0.09% and conclusion cannot be drawn from field sobriety tests then prosecution may change the charge from DUI or DWI to harsh driving. This charges less penalty than DUI charge. If you are charged for the first offense then it is not necessary to hire an attorney.

Public defenders
Public defenders are people who economically qualify for the service of defending these DUI and DWI cases. Most of the states provide public defenders for individuals who have been charged for DUI or DWI cases. Public defenders have better idea of plea bargaining than private attorneys. Choose the public defender who have more credibility with the prosecutor office. The more credibility the more will be the chances of plea bargaining.

Hire an attorney for sentence bargaining
Most of the states have sentence bargaining in addition to the plea bargaining. Hiring an attorney for sentence bargaining is important. Sentence bargaining is useful in cases where plea bargaining result in a long period of incarceration. In some cases you would not want to pledge guilty unless you know what your sentence will be. In these conditions, an attorney should be hired to reduce the charge on you.

Hire an attorney to manage court process
Attorney will asses the case and understand the possible fines and jail time and helps to reduce or prevent from charge. He or she can manage the process by filling the required forms, scheduling your appointment at vehicle suspension department and making other required processes. Attorney who is experienced in DUI and DWI cases may know the prosecutors and which argument will be better to save you from such cases.
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Why Whistle Blower Laws A Concern For Employers

Labors laws are passed to ensure that the welfare and interests of the employees are safe and they are not subject to exploitation and discrimination by their employers. Provisions in the labor laws provides the systems which enable employees to put up their grievances with the concerned authorities if they believe that their rights are jeopardized. Sometimes they may inform the agencies of any wrong doings of their employers. The act of exposing is popularly termed as “whistle blowing” and the persons who do it are known as “whistle blowers”. Whistle blowers often attract wrath of their employers and face discrimination. Often they get fired by their employers. To protect the interests of the whistle blowers, Whistle blower protection Act was enacted. This ensures that the rights and interests of the whistle blowers stay intact. The government is very strict with these rules.

While these come as no or little benefits to the employees, it comes as a shock to the employer. Most of the times, he may not be at fault. He has a larger role to cater in the firm and sometimes the things may go overlooked. Many a times, he may not even be addressed of the grievance and many a times, it may be a fault on the employee side. Regardless of all these things, employer has to face the wrath of the Federal and State agencies. So, an employer has to be a little concerned about the law and see to it that whistle blowing should not happen in his business firm.

Why employers need to be concerned
There are many ways and for many reasons an employee can turn into whistle blower and blow the whistle. Reasons can be violating a law, rule or regulation, mismanagement, heavy wastage of funds, misuse of authority and risk of health and safety to public or at work place. If you look at these you will yourself feel that it is not difficult to comply with these things, but the problem is only that you can not see it coming. Our your side, everything may be running good and fine and one unfortunate day, suddenly someone blows a whistle.

There are certain factors which makes employees to turn into whistle blowers. One is the provision of the False Claims Act. If an employer claims funds falsely or furnish false details to minimize taxes, he can be charged under False Claims Act and around 15-25% of the recovered damages are rewarded to the whistle blower. This lures many employees to blow the whistle. Sometimes, an employee may be looking forward for some opportunity to take his revenge. Any laxity can come as an opportunity to him. Sometimes an employee may not even think it necessary to convey his grievances to him at the first place and in some other cases, even the employees can plot against you. The mistake may not even lie at your side quite sometimes, but you have to become a victim. Federal and State governments are no less merciful regarding these acts. So, you should be on watch.

What an employee needs to do
To save yourselves from any complications of the Act, you have to be certain that compliance of the laws are ensured. Occasionally, you should arrange good will meetings with the employees and get their grievances addressed. Working on their complaints is another good approach. This will lead to a cordial employee-employer relationship. If you find any target areas of dissatisfaction among employees, try to address the issue. Record keeping should be strict and rules should be followed meticulously. This way, any greedy employees will not be able to tip you off in greed for some reward. Employees should be made to take responsibility for their work so that you do not pay for their mistake.

It is not all difficult to protect yourself from the whistle blowers, you just need to be on watch and aware of the activities and environment of the workplace.
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How to Cool Your Self in a Car without Air Conditioning

When it is hot and humid, it would be miserable to sit in a hot car waiting for the traffic to start moving. To over come this type of problem, we make the following suggestions to make comfortable when driving.

How to cool a car without air conditioning

  • Put a wet cloth over the middle vent of your car
  • By placing a wet cloth on the middle vent, the air that blows over it will be much cooler.
  • Keep a few pieces of wet cloth ready to replace when it dries.

  • Drive your car with barefoot
  • Driving your car with barefoot might be a little unusual idea. But your body can let out some amount of heat through your feet. So traveling with barefoot will help keep you cool to some extent.
  • In some places or countries it is illegal to drive with barefoot if that is the case just avoid this suggestion.

  • Bring freeze water bottles to use as ice packs
  • Bring freeze water bottles to use as ice packs. Wrap the frozen bottle in a towel and put it behind your neck.
  • Once the freeze water bottle liquifies, drink the cold water in it to cool off.

  • Plan your traveling time when the day is cool
  • Plan your traveling time in cooler parts of the day like early morning is often the coolest time of the day.
  • if you are traveling is not on a fixed schedule then plan driving as possible before the heat becomes unbearable in the day.
  • Try to avoid driving in mid-afternoon to avoid worst heat of the day.

  • Look for shady routes as your frequent routes
  • When driving, make sure that you are traveling in tree lined streets and roadways that are often shady for a long part of the day.

  • Roll down the windows of your car
  • Sometimes, the noise and odors of city driving may tempt you to keep the windows closed.
  • To increase the air circulation open rear window to draw fresher air.
  • Opening the car’s sliding back window to draw fresh air.

  • Roll down the windows a little while parking
  • Roll down the windows for a short while while parking. It will allow the hot air to pass out of the car pulling in cooler air.

  • Put a fan on the dashboard
  • Put a fan on the dashboard. You can get an inexpensive 12 volt fan available at auto parts stores.
  • They are attached on the rear view mirror, or stand on the dashboard and plug in to move fresher air.
  • Switch it on during driving, to help circulate the air and keep you cooler.
  • Passengers can use a real fan to help circulate air around themselves.

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Swimming Pool Construction in Your Garden Landscape

Swimming pool enhances the look of the garden. If you want to construct a pool in your garden, you can go through this article. It helps you in making choice of constructing the pool in the best location in your garden and for decorating the landscape. Constructing a pool and landscape design that suits your garden look is not that easy and it requires the help of builder. Therefore, here are few easy steps through which you can make your garden landscape beautiful with pool.

Select the location of pool
Most of the people prefer locating their pool in the garden near the patio or the backyard. This gives them privacy when they are in the pool. The decision for locating the pool should be made by you and the builder works as per your needs. If you can’t make the decision take the help of the constructor. They may help you, as they will have more experience than you will.

Choose the style
The style of the pool should match the garden and your home. Take the pool construction manual from the builder and ask him to show models and various styles of pools. Among them, select the one that you want or that matches your pool needs. Only the style you will choose and the builder will suggest you weather the size will be sufficient or not for the design you have selected. With this the size, model and location of the pool will be completed.

Select the flooring for your pool
Now, you can make the flooring decision. There will be various stone options available for the swimming pools. Flooring with the stones should reflect the interior stone design of your home. Also, take the suggestions of the builder asking which stone will be durable and stain free in the pool. Finally, among the choices available make the best option for the pool construction.

Construct the pool and add decorative pieces
Start construction of the pool with the help of your builder and look after the construction carefully. Once, the construction is over add ornamental features like pebbles in the pool and at the border of the pool to give more beautiful look. Also, plant some small shrubs and plants around the pool. Fill the pool with water and have a great time in your pool.

These are the simple steps through which you can construct your garden with the help of the builder. Building pool in the garden will enhance your garden giving it a pleasant look.
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Through Hole And Surface Mount PCB Technology Services

In the early stage of development, circuit components used to be connected using wires. Later, wood was used a substrate with copper foils. Technology slowly paced towards the use of printed circuit boards (PCB). As the name goes, PCBs are just the insulated substrate board used for only printing the circuit leaving space for the components to be placed. Initially, the components used to come leaded, which required holes to be made on the PCB during designing. This is through hole technology. Later, with the advancement of technology on the need basis, components started to come in market without leads. This led to the evolution of surface mount technology.

Through hole technology
Electronic components used to come in leaded form in the early states of development of PCBs. Hence, while designing circuits, space had to be left for the components and holes had to be drilled on the board. The lead of the components were put in the holes and soldered on the other side of the board. This rendered other side of the board unsuitable for designing. Later, when multilayered boards came into picture, holes used to be drilled through plates with an intention for interconnection of the plates and not for the purpose of soldering components.

The components used to come in two configurations namely, radial and axial based on the position of leads. The axial leads had lead coming out of two opposite sides of the component with a straight angle between them. They were marked with less height and more length. When used in a circuit, the circuit tended to be more in length with less in height.

The radial components have lead in the same surface and are parallel to each other. They offer height but have less circuit length. So the circuit designed with these components have more height and less length.

When radial components were required, axial components were used by bending one of the leaded parts.

The bonding of soldering is very strong and the circuit is regarded for their mechanical strength and resistance to shocks and jerks.

Making them useable with breadboard sockets for testing makes it preferable. Drilling holes on the board makes the process expensive and the other side of the board is rendered useless due to soldering.

Surface mount technology
It differs from the through hole technology in the sense that the components are places and soldered on the same side of the PCB. Although for the sake of electrical conductivity between the surfaces, holes have to be drilled on the board.

The surface mount technology became popular in 1980s due to the components getting manufactured without leads. The components have two metallic ends, which can be put on metallic beds and be soldered. This results in flat profile of the resultant circuit. Since the components were placed and soldered on the same side, the other side could be also designed and better economy in production could be achieved. The smaller component size resulted in high density circuits resulting in overall reduction in size. High data speeds were one of the biggest merits of the surface mount technology.

Besides these merits, this technology has demerits such as unreliable solder joints which are not resistant to chemicals and shocks and jerks. They are not compatible with breadboard sockets for testing as well.
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Temporary Orders During Divorce and When You Can Get Temporary Orders By Law

Temporary orders
Temporary orders are given to the couple if the case is taking a long time to move forward. It generally includes child custody, visitation of child and many other issues that are stated below.

At first, you should know for what purpose the temporary orders are issued by the court so that you can move forward. These orders will help you to use temporary property by the either of the partners and also orders the other spouse to provide spousal support until the divorce is approved by the court. Both the partners can approach for the temporary orders if they are of one opinion or otherwise one of them can approach to the lawyer for getting temporary orders. Note that, all states or countries may or may not have this kind or law. So, it is better to check if your state is having this kind of law and then move forward to approach a reputed lawyer.

When to request for temporary orders?
There are reasons that you can approach for temporary orders during divorce and some of them are listed here. Go through them and approach an experienced lawyer.

  • For child custody and spousal support: The court gives the temporary orders for getting child custody along with the spousal support if necessary. The child custody includes the financial support, individual needs, etc. It also considers the needs of child.

  • For insurance and health coverage: Temporary orders are also issued if the spouse is having any health issues and helps them get insurance and health coverage for their health issues.

  • For attempted parental relocation: If the spouse wants to relocate to other location, and if the the spouse needs financial support then, they can apply to the court and get the approval if it is for genuine reason. If the parent is relocating along with the child, there is a chance of getting the child support along with the financial support with these temporary orders before the divorce.

  • For parenting time: Temporary orders are also issued for the parenting time. That is, the time period when the child will be with either of the partners during separation.


These things you need to consider, which you can request for temporary orders from the court and there are some other things for which you can get temporary orders by the court. Make sure to seek the advice of an expert lawyer, if need be.

Surgical Treatment for Gum Diseases

Gum disease is a condition in which gum tissue and bone supporting the teeth becomes infected and inflammation of gum tissue takes place. It can be treated by using medications, deep cleaning methods such as root planning and deep scaling and surgical methods. If medications and deep cleaning methods are not treated effectively, then surgical treatments are done to cure the gum diseases.

There are different types of surgical treatments available based on the part of being infected.

Flap surgery
This method is used to remove the infection where medication and deep cleaning method does not treat the gum disease. This surgery is done to repair the bone damage caused by the gum disease. Sometimes it can done along with bone surgery

How is it done?

  • Dentist removes the build-up plaque and tartar surrounding the teeth.
  • Local anesthesia is given to numb the area where surgery is done.
  • Dentist uses an instrument called scalpel to separate the gum tissue from teeth.
  • Then gum tissue flaps are pulled back to expose the bone and root supporting the teeth.
  • Plaque and tartar on bone is removed by scaling or root planning method and inflamed tissue is removed
  • Then periodontist eliminates the bone defects if any and edges are polished using rotating burs.
  • Then the flaps of gingival tissue are positioned and sutured in place.
  • This surgery is also called pocket reduction surgery.


Bone grafting
Bone grafting surgery is performed where bone is destroyed due to gum disease. In this, the destroyed bone is replaced with synthetic or your own bone.

How is it done?

  • In this plaque and tartar are removed surround the teeth using deep cleaning method.
  • Local anesthesia is given to numb the area.
  • Then the gingival tissue is pulled back to expose the bone and root of the tooth.
  • Then root is cleaned and defects in the bone are filled with the bone grafting material like synthetic bone or your own bone.
  • Then the grafting bony material is covered with the barrier to prevent the gum tissue to grow along the defected bone.
  • Then the gum tissue is positioned in place and sutured. Then the site is covered with the surgical bandage.
  • In later stages, the bone and soft tissue grow and fill the area and then teeth reattaches to your jaw.


Tissue grafting
Tissue grafting surgery is performed to replace the infected gum tissue with the tissue taken from the other parts of the oral cavity.

  • Connective tissue graft: Use connective tissue taken under the roof of the mouth.
  • Gingival graft: Use tissue under the roof of mouth
  • Pedicle graft: Use gum tissue taken from the surroundings of the infected tooth.

This procedure is similar to bone grafting. In this infected gum is removed and the area is filled with the tissue grafted from the other areas and sutures are made.

Guided tissue regeneration
This technique is performed where bone supporting the teeth got destroyed. It stimulates the bone and tissue to grow to support the teeth. It is used in combination with flap surgery. A mesh like fabric is inserted between the bone and the tissue. This makes the gum tissue to grow where bone is growing to give support to the teeth.
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