Choosing the efficient Operating System is depends on several factors. Whether it is for personal use or for office use, choosing the OS platform is the vital part of long-term plan, as it can’t be changed often. You need to consider your requirements both short-term and long-term and the features of Windows and UNIX before choosing the OS.
The following are the some of the important features and properties of the two Operating Systems that will help you to understand them better.
1.Multi-User System: Windows OS is designed to be used by one person at a time, whereas multiple persons can share UNIX OS at a time in a network.
2.Security: Windows users are burdened with the need for anti-virus and anti-spyware software. On the other side, for UNIX it is not required, as it is more secure than Windows.
3.Bugs: UNIX has a reputation for fewer bugs (programming mistakes) than Windows.
4.Performance: Under low-stress conditions, both have similar performance. However, under high load, UNIX is superior to Windows.
5.Simplicity: To operate UNIX OS we need a little knowledge of Character User Interface, whereas it is very simple to operate Windows OS.
6.Compatibility: If you designed a website under a UNIX server you can easily host it on the Windows server, but the reverse is not always possible.
7.Website Hosting: If you want to use MySQL as backend then go for UNIX. If you need MSSQL as backend then Windows OS is a better option.
8.Application Software: You will get Application software along with UNIX OS package, whereas with Windows you won’t get it.
9.Run the OS without installing it: UNIX can be run with Live CD even without installing it. Windows cannot run until it is installing into hard disk.
10.File System: UNIX protects data with Journalized file system, while Windows uses both journalized and non-journalized file systems. There is less protection of data with the non-journalized file systems.
11.Fragmentation: UNIX file system doesn’t suffer from file fragmentation but Windows file system will be, which results a single file may scatter all over the hard disk as fragments.
12.Crossing the OS boundary: Some Application softwares written for UNIX will not run under Windows and vice versa.
13.Placing User Data: UNIX stores all user data in the home directory making it much easier to migrate from an old computer to new one. On the other hand, Windows stores data anywhere in the hard disk making it hard to backup files when switching to a new computer.
14.Hardware Compatibility: UNIX can run on different hardware platforms but Windows can’t.
15.Supported hardware devices: UNIX supports less hardware devices than Windows.
16.Ability to run without GUI: UNIX can run without Graphical User Interface so it needs less hardware horsepower than Windows.
17.Price: You can get a copy of genuine UNIX free of cost, whereas you have to buy Windows OS.
The two Operating Systems serve different purposes. The above information helps you to choose the better one that suits your requirements.