Dental braces are devices used by orthodontists bonded to teeth to make them straight and make to get in a good position. It is a combination of brackets, arch wires that are threaded through the brackets, along with spacers, springs and bands. Brackets are small squares attached directly to teeth and controls the movement of the teeth. They position the teeth in regard to the person’s bite and also aligns the teeth. Dental braces are used to correct under bites, over bites, cross bites and other flaws of the teeth and jaw.
The braces work by applying constant pressure on the teeth in proper positions for a period of time. The constant pressure moves the teeth into proper position over an extended period of time. Depending on the response of individual towards treatment the tooth will usually move a millimeter per month. The movement must be done gradually otherwise the patient may face the risk of loosing the teeth. The tooth movement is associated with bone deposition. Bone deposition usually occurs in the distracted periodontal ligament. The bone deposition helps the tooth to loosen voids will occur distal to the direction of tooth movement.