Facts on Gum Contouring

If your teeth are hidden by gums or they are exposed from the gums, you can dive for gum contouring technique. Gum contouring is a branch of cosmetic dentistry which improves your smile. It corrects too low or too high gums.

Why do uneven gums occur?
Following are the factors responsible for uneven gums.

  • Improper brushing
  • Using hard bristle brushes
  • Hyperactive upper lip muscle
  • Sensitivity to chemicals
  • Consumption of alcohol and tobacco
  • Genetic disorders
  • Symptoms of Periodontal diseases
  • Taking medicines to control blood pressure

What is the treatment for uneven gums?
Uneven gums like too low or too high gums can be corrected by gum contouring technique.

What are the techniques used in gum contouring?
Gum contouring is an ideal option for candidates looking for correcting their gum shape. Before diving for the gum contouring, ask your dentist about the techniques in gum contouring, and which technique is suitable for you.
There are three techniques involved in gum contouring.

1. Scalpel gum contouring
Scalpel gum contouring uses scalpel to draw a line on the gum to remove and improve your smile.

2. Laser gum contouring
Laser gum contouring uses laser beam to draw a line on the gum to remove. The advantage is that it can seize if any damage in the tubules of the gum tissue and prevents bleeding.

3. Radio surgery
Radio surgery involves the usage of radio waves and it is used instead of scalpels as it does not cause any discomfort.

Local anesthesia is given to anesthetize the gum area of the tooth. This technique involves the removal of gum tissue if a candidate have excessive gum tissue.

What is the procedure?
Gum contouring surgery can be suitable on the front teeth only. The procedure varies depends on the whether the gums are being extended or reduced.
When gum tissue covers the teeth:

  • Dentist examines the area of gum tissue and mark to remove it.
  • Local anesthesia is given to anesthetize the gum tissue.
  • Dentist uses laser or scalpel to remove the gum tissue. Mostly laser is used as it seals the damaged tubules in the gum tissue and reduces the loss of blood during process.

When gum tissue is receding teeth

  • The dentist examines the area of gum tissue where it is to be extended.
  • Local anesthesia is given to anesthetize the gum tissue.
  • Dentist uses laser and graft the gum tissue from the other area and extends the gum tissue on the teeth.

What are the benefits of gum contouring?

  • This process is simple and less time consuming
  • Anesthesia is given to eliminate pain
  • Even gum line improves smile.
  • Quick healing as laser seals the damaged tubules during the surgery
  • Shrinkage of gums can be reduced and gum problems can be minimized.


  • Swelling of gums after surgery
  • If the removed gum line is high, healing takes longer.
  • In some cases, infection at the site of gum contouring.

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